The History of Trondheim – Life in Norway

Panorama of Trondheim city centre, Norway

A city founded by a Viking King, Trondheim is steeped in history. Here is the story of Norway’s first capital city, which now stands at more than 1,000 years old.

Recent archaeological finds throughout downtown Trondheim are helping us all to understand what life in Trondheim used to be like. They have given us new knowledge about the layout of medieval Trondheim, and the importance of the church to the community.

Yet excavations on sites believed to have been churches and palaces have raised just as many questions. That’s mainly because few written sources survive from the Middle Ages, and during the Viking time almost nothing was written down at all. So, unearthing the truth about Trondheim’s past remains an ongoing process.

For a long time, the city was known as Nidaros. The name survives today in many situations throughout Trondheim.

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An important city for more than 1,000 years

Trondheim was Norway’s first capital and continues to be an important city to this day. More than 1,000 years after its founding, Trondheim is a world-leading centre of science and technology research.

Norway’s kings from Harald Fairhair to Harald V have been hailed, crowned and blessed in the city. While coronations are no longer performed, a blessing